Sunday, January 12, 2020
Once Charles Child Walcutt described Jack London as a steamer, which Ã¢â¬Å"was supposed to have more power than any man dared use, but it was also known to run out of steam halfway up a long hill; and everybody knows that it was a trial to start and a constant threat to explodeÃ¢â¬ (Charles Child Walcutt. 1956. American Literary Naturalism: A Divided Stream. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, p. 87). Yet in 1906, when the book Ã¢â¬Å"White FangÃ¢â¬ was published, the writer still demonstrated tremendous vigor in enchanting readerÃ¢â¬â¢s by the set of his ideas. Originally a companion volume to Ã¢â¬Å"The Call of the WildÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"White FangÃ¢â¬ narrates about a wolf who is domesticated through circumstances by a man. London himself wrote of it: Ã¢â¬Å"Life is full of disgusting realism. I know men and women as they are Ã¢â¬â millions of them yet in the slime state. But I am an evolutionist, therefore a broad optimist, hence my love for the human (in the slime though he be) comes from my knowing him as he is and seeing the divine possibilities ahead of him. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the whole motive of my Ã¢â¬ White Fang . Ã¢â¬ Every atom of organic life is plastic. The finest specimens now in existence were once all pulpy infants capable of being molded this way or that. Let the pressure be one way and we have atavism Ã¢â¬â the reversion to the wild; the other the domestication, civilization (Book of Jack London, I, 384. In Walcutt 1956:92)Ã¢â¬ . In the quotation are acknowledged the bunch of motives Ã¢â¬â portraying the juxtaposition Ã¢â¬Å"man vs environmentÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"wildness vs civilizationÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"naturalism vs romanticismÃ¢â¬ . This is the story about the challenges of growing alone and never experiencing the meaning of love, generosity and care, overcoming so many challenges endured. Driving off the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation in this very tapescript weÃ¢â¬â¢ll analyze the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s infrastructure, as far as themes, text interpretation and narration techniques are concerned. The aim of the following part is to trace how Jack LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s depiction of White FangÃ¢â¬â¢s life portrays the themes of naturalism, survival of the fittest, romanticism and parallels his own struggles. JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE #2 DETAILED ANALYSES NATURALISTIC COBCEPTION This piece of work by London represents the evident case of endured naturalistic manner. Generally, naturalism refers to those who viewed life strictly from a scientific approach; in this case that translates to the view that man and other creatures were victims of their heredity and environment. The environmental theme is enrolled in the very first passage with a landscape description. It thrustingly combines Ã¢â¬Å"a foreboding animism with a sinister desolation (Brittany Nelson. http://www. gradesaver. com/ClassicNotes/Titles/white/fullsumm. html. October 29, 2000)Ã¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬â Dark spruce forest frowned on either side the frozen waterway. The trees had been stripped by a recent wind of their white covering of frost, and they seemed to lean toward each other, black and ominous, in the fading light. A vast silence reigned over the land. The land itself was a desolation, lifeless, without movement, so lone and cold that the spirit of it was not even that of sadness. There was a hint in it of laughter, but of a laughter more terrible than any sadness Ã¢â¬â a laughter that was mirthless as the smile of the Sphinx, a laughter cold as the frost and partaking of the grimness of infallibility. It was the masterful and incommunicable wisdom of eternity laughing at the futility of life and the effort of life. It was the Wild, the savage, frozen-hearted Northland Wild. (Jack London. White Fang. http://www. gradesaver. com/ClassicNotes/Titles/white/fullsumm. html. October 29, 2000) The mood is shown through the covetous gamma of colors, simile (Ã¢â¬Å"smile of the SphinxÃ¢â¬ ) and personification i. e. (prosopopoeia). Wild is ruled by the death principle: Ã¢â¬Å"Life is an offense to it, for life is movement: and the Wild aims always to destroy movement. It freezes the water to prevent it running to the sea: it drives the sap out of the trees till they are frozen to their mighty hearts; and most ferociously and terribly of all does the Wild harry and crush into submission man Ã¢â¬â man, who is the most restless of life, ever in revolt against the dictum that all movement must in the end come to the cessation of movement (WF)Ã¢â¬ . Sentences constructed by analogy roll JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE #3 monotonically, dictating the rhythm. Ã¢â¬Å"Viewed from this bleak cosmic perspective (Brittany Nelson. http://www. gradesaver. com/ClassicNotes/Titles/white/fullsumm. html. October 29, 2000)Ã¢â¬ , lost for civilization, men are no more than Ã¢â¬Å"puny adventurers pitting themselves against the might of a world as remote and alien and pulseless as the abysses of space specks and motes, moving with weak cunning and little wisdom amidst the play and interplay of the great blind elements and forces (WF). Ã¢â¬ In LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s story, the terror at the environment is augmented by a number of fine touches. The dogs, for example, disappear silently, lured one by one to their deaths by the cunning of the she-wolf. And she is shown not like flesh-and-bone creature but like something ghostly: Ã¢â¬â Full into the firelight, with a stealthy, sidelong movement, glided a doglike animal. It moved with commingled mistrust and daring, cautiously observing the men, its attention fixed on the dogs. One Ear strained the full length of the stick toward the intruder and whined with eagerness. (WF) Bill not simply dies out off the scene, but disappears at the desperate sounds of three shots in the place, encircled by the wolf litter. The contrast of a man, Henry, sitting at the fire and darkness with glittering eyes of the beasts produce a breath-taking effect. With the environmental theme in mind, London wrote the novel with biological and social determinism. Donald Pizer in his Ã¢â¬Å"Realism and Naturalism in Nineteenth-Century American LiteratureÃ¢â¬ (1984. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, p. 167) says: Ã¢â¬Å"The Call of the Wild and White Fang are companion allegories of the response of human nature to heredity and environmentÃ¢â¬ . JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE #4 SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST The problem of environment is tightly knotted to the process of Ã¢â¬Å"natural selectionÃ¢â¬ , i. e. the benefit of only the strongest, brightest, and most adaptable elements of a species to survive. In this regard the writer follows H. Spencer: Ã¢â¬Å"I am a hopeless materialist. I see the soul as nothing else than the sum of the activities of the organism plus personal habits, memories, and experiences of the organism (L. S. Friedland. January 25, 1917. Jack London as Titan. Dial, LXII, p. 51)Ã¢â¬ . The SpencerÃ¢â¬â¢s theory was closely linked in LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s mind to Darwin: Ã¢â¬Å"The idea of life as a struggle for survival appealed to him tremendously. Concepts of strength and the purity of an unmixed breed evoke images of savage men who have survived through pure physical strength. LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s heroes are likely to evince this atavism when they are thrust into the struggle for survival under brutal frontier conditions. When such atavistic power surges up, nothing can safely oppose them, and they exult in the glory of it. (Walcutt 1956:90-91)Ã¢â¬ . This idea is embodied by the character, White Fang. Ã¢â¬Å"He was different from his brothers and sistersÃ¢â¬ (WF: ch. 3), Ã¢â¬Å"the fiercest of the litterÃ¢â¬ . Since the eye-openening days White Fang was the one to dare getting closer to the cave entrance. He was the only one of the litter to survive the famine. His strength and intelligence make him the most feared dog in the Indian camp. While defending Judge Scott, White Fang takes three bullets but is miraculously able to continue living. One element of the book, portraying White FangÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to adapt to any new circumstances, is how he learns to fight and to love. Ã¢â¬Å"He had a method of accepting things, without questioning the why and wherefore. In reality, this was the act of classification. He was never disturbed over why a thing happened. How it happened was sufficient for him (WF:Part II, ch. 3). It is in the last section of Part II the homey narrative tone changes as White Fang learns more about the world where Ã¢â¬Å"dog eat dogÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â literal and figurative: a hawk digs its sharp talons into the soft flesh of a ptarmigan while the frenzied bird screams in agony. White FangÃ¢â¬â¢s biological heritage discussed in JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE #5 the first chapters more than symbolic. When in the parts III and IV White FangÃ¢â¬â¢s deepening estrangement from all living things is shown, a nihilistic world of violence and hate steps forward. White Fang becomes the personification of the masculine principle of the demonic wild: Ã¢â¬Å"The outcastÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Enemy of His Kind,Ã¢â¬ who is Ã¢â¬Å"hated by man and dogÃ¢â¬ and in turn hates them. Even his name suggests both the demonic white wilderness and the savage Darwinian world governed by the Law of the Meat, the Law of the Fang. Ã¢â¬â Before, he had hunted in play, for the sheer joyousness of it; now he hunted in deadly earnestness (WF:Part II, ch. 5). Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"Savageness was a part of his make-up, but the savageness thus developed exceeded his make-up. He acquired a reputation for wickedness [Ã¢â¬ ¦] Out of this pack-persecution he learned two important things: how to take care of himself in a mass-fight against him; and how, on a single dog, to inflict the greatest amount of damage in the briefest space of time. To keep oneÃ¢â¬â¢s feet in the midst of the hostile mass meant life, and this he learned well. He became cat-like in his ability to stay on his feet Ã¢â¬ (WF:Part III, ch. 3). Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"The months went by. White Fang grew stronger, heavier, and more compact, while his character was developing along the lines laid down by his heredity and his environment. His heredity was a life-stuff that may be likened to clay. It possessed many possibilities, was capable of being moulded into many different forms. Environment served to model the clay, to give it a particular form (WF:Part III:ch. 6)Ã¢â¬ . Through the usage of metaphor London proves the Ã¢â¬Å"first survivorÃ¢â¬ law at the example of White Fang, nut, at the same time implies irony, narrating how the creature surrenders himself to the strongest Ã¢â¬â e. g. to Gray Beaver (Ã¢â¬Å"for the Ã¢â¬Å"possession of flesh-and-blood good,Ã¢â¬ White FangÃ¢â¬ JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE #6 exchanged his own liberty (WF:Part III, ch. 3). Ã¢â¬ The wide scope of methods help to project natural laws at the canvas of fictional text. ROMANTICISM The depiction of romanticism in this novel is evident by White FangÃ¢â¬â¢s trust, love and ultimately sacrifice for Weedon Scott and his children. White Fangs pays back. Part V reflects how love can tame natural behavior and instincts: Ã¢â¬Å"White Fang refused to growl. Instead, and after a wistful, searching look, he snuggled in, burrowing his head out of sight between the masterÃ¢â¬â¢s arm and body (WF:Part V, ch. 1). As White Fang learns to love Weedon Scott, this love produces a desire in the dog to do anything to please his Ã¢â¬Å"love master. Ã¢â¬ This includes having WeedonÃ¢â¬â¢s children climb and play with him, and learning to leave chickens alone, although the taste was extremely pleasing to him. Just as White Fang was tamed by love, Jack London was tamed by love as he began staying away from the whorehouses in San Francisco and trying to overcome a severe drug habit, having been just married. And thus we came to our conclusive part: the parallel between the book and the reality of Jack LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ interesting symbol in this novel is the oasis of the campfire (Chapter I) surrounded by the sinister darkness of the wild. This image is a microcosm of the larger landscape; the Northland wilderness as opposed to the grassy estate in the Santa Clara Valley Ã¢â¬â the Ã¢â¬Å"Southland of life,Ã¢â¬ in which Ã¢â¬Å"human kindness was like a sun. Ã¢â¬ Although very naturalistic in his approach to this novel, London received a great deal of criticism for the abrupt ending. When White Fang finally recovers from his injuries, he ventures out into the warm California sun and greats Collie and his new puppies. Instead of ending the novel in the same naturalistic vein he began, London ends White Fang with a distinctively romantic flare (June JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE #i Howard. 1985. Form and History in American Literary Naturalism. Chapel Hill, NC:University of North Carolina Press, p. 170)Ã¢â¬ . CONCLUSIONS The novel demonstrates the effects of a change in environment on the creature. Dogs and men are portrayed in some kind as moral symbols, but derived from JackÃ¢â¬â¢s own experience. Ã¢â¬Å"He never stopped fighting, and the struggle with life is no more important to his success than his struggle with ideas. One led to the other, and the battle of ideas dramatizes with extraordinary clarity the confusions and tensions which I have attributed to the divided stream. In the melee, blond beasts, ideas, and supermen drip with blood like White Fang himself (Walcutt 1956:88)Ã¢â¬ . As Jack was an illegitimate child, forever uncertain as to his father, unloved and hungry throughout his youth, he hoped to found something of a dynasty in his magnificent home called Ã¢â¬Å"Wolf House,Ã¢â¬ and so he longed for a male heir. Ã¢â¬Å"White FangÃ¢â¬ was written during the courtship and marriage of London to Charmian Kittredge and a romantic theme is part of the novel. The man is tames Ã¢â¬â as well as his personage. In the book Ã¢â¬Å"White Fang was torn by conflicting feelings, impulses. It seemed he would fly to pieces, so terrible was the control he was exerting, holding together by an unwonted indecision the counter forces that struggled within him for mastery. Ã¢â¬ And so it was with Jack London. Then all went wrong. He only had daughters and these were estranged from him: his house burnt down just as his special ship had foundered; his friends drifted away. It is hard not to feel that those counter forces which harassed White Fang also undermined that prodigy of lonely energy, Jack LondonÃ¢â¬â or Ã¢â¬Å"WolfÃ¢â¬ as he insisted his wife should call him. Ã¢â¬Å"He was able to flourish within and finally to rise above the hard conditions of his early life; and the fact that he gloried in the JACK LONDON MIRROWIMG IN WHITE FANG PAGE memory of his early adventures shows to some extent how he saw himself as embodying the bone-crushing vitality which he continually celebrated in his stories. He saw everything from farming through fighting to reading in heroic terms, and this side of his character is not without its ludicrous aspects: he could not help being self-conscious about his manliness (Susan M. Nuernberg ed. 1995. The Critical Response to Jack London. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, p. 89)Ã¢â¬ . LIST OF REFERENCES 1. Charles Child Walcutt. 1956. American Literary Naturalism: A Divided Stream. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press 2. Brittany Nelson.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
This can be almost attributed to a communist type of thought where everyone is a member of the overall big picture. It is a well known fact that Whitman embraced the idea of preserving and celebrating humanity, and thus it makes sense for some of his work to reflect a lot of this ideology. Whitman is obviously displaying an empathetic view point towards the working man and woman which as a unit, compose America as he knew it. The poet Langston Hughes reflects a response to WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s poem with his won entitled I, Too. There is no doubt that Hughes intended to get his point across to his readers by catching them in the first line of the first stanza, Ã¢â¬Å"I, too sing AmericaÃ¢â¬ (Hughes, 1). This line is a response to WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s first line of I Hear America Sing which reads, Ã¢â¬Å"I hear America singÃ¢â¬ (Whitman, 1). The next line of HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ piece declares, Ã¢â¬Å"I am the darker brotherÃ¢â¬ (Hughes, 2). With this line, Hughes reminds his readers that an observation of America as a whole, will reveal that there is a sense of forgotten culture or ethnicity which is comprised of African Americans. We will write a custom essay sample on Compare and Contrast I Hear America Singing and I, Too or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now In other words, Hughes grabs his readersÃ¢â¬â¢ attention by pointing out that perhaps the first image one may conjure when they think of America, is one void of any blacks. This is also a reminder that America is not America without the cultural diversity which at that time, was not celebrated in any way. With even more breadth, Hughes continues his poem by explaining that he is directed to eat in the kitchen, when guests are present at his employersÃ¢â¬â¢ home. Hughes goes on to almost mock the ignorance of racism and segregation by declaring that he will not only eat in the kitchen, but he will do so and enjoy his meal while supplying strength to his body, Ã¢â¬Å"They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong. Ã¢â¬ (Hughes, 3-7). WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s piece however, simply enters in to the listing of various occupations held by the American working person. Whitman does not discuss color or ethnicity, but he discusses the entirety of the working population. Whitman lived during the 1800s and therefore saw slavery as well as the lean availability of job positions for African Americans. Had he intended to mention African Americans along with the overall working class, he would have had to have done so by discussing the few job positi ons of a select few African Americans. This obviously has created a sense of exclusion, which is most likely the motive for HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ poem which essentially responds to WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s.
Friday, December 27, 2019
The Ethical Dilemmas article discusses the competitiveness in the public relations arena and how a client-company relationship is reached. When reading the article one understands how difficult it is for companies to maintain strict adherence to ethical guidelines. There are 7 dilemmas covered in the article that calls for an in-depth review of the difficulties clients, employees and employers face in the highly competitive public relations environment; which entails understanding when and where to disseminate information in regard to the advertising of a company or an individual. Public relation firms also manage the careers of high profile individuals and are also known as damage control consultants. In public relation firms employees are required to conduct themselves in a manner that reflects positively on their firm. However, their main focus on managing their clients. In the article there are 7 dilemmas that employees face on a day to day basis and if one were looking for suggestions that will aid employees in how to handle the 7 ethical dilemmas addressed in the article. 1. Client Non-Compete Agreements Ã¢â¬â Non-compete agreements are clauses added to a contract that states a firm will not solicit or accept contracts from a competitor (Quote). However, in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive environment a business main focus is on return on investments, many companies rarely honor non-compete clauses. In light of this, employees are left in the precarious position of having toShow MoreRelatedAlternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism21967 Words Ã |Ã 88 Pagesboundaries. The authors are responsible for the choice and the presentation of the facts contained in this book and for the opinions expressed therein, which are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019
In the short story Flight Patterns, Sherman Alexie describes how the protagonist, William, a Spokane Indian, struggles every day to escape the all too common stereotypes society places him under. This story takes place in Washington D.C. during the year after 9/11, which most likely justifies why racial profiling and stereotyping was extremely commonplace in the story around this time. It can be seen that Americans were brought closer together by this tragedy because they were banded by a common enemy who was not in fact American or even part of their culture at all, which made many, if not all Americans judgmental and paranoid against those who they considered to be of foreign descent or a threat to their safety. It is evident that throughout Flight Patterns, Alexie employs a variety of different scenarios to ultimately show his readers that racial profiling and stereotyping is way too common in our society although it shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be, and if people really took the time to get t o know one another, they d see that other people have substance and a story as well, and they re not just what they simply appear to be. Whether we like it or not, people stereotype and racially profile others every day without knowledge of who they are or what their background is, and this is part of the message Alexie was trying to get across in Flight Patterns. He wants his readers to know that this world isn t perfect, and that it can be seen that it is extremely commonplace in our societyShow MoreRelatedFlight Patterns By Sherman Alexie858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe story Ã¢â¬Å"Flight PatternsÃ¢â¬ is a short story in which Sherman Alexie, the author, presents Native American literature which is new around this time in age. William Cline, the main character represents your stereotype native American. This story takes place post 9/11; therefore, the level of security has been increased greatly along with the amount of hostility towards darker skinned people. William describes how he feels out of place because he has all the traits of a native American but he feelsRead MoreAnalysis Of Flight Patterns By Sherman Alexie899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesas ethnic minorities. The quest for a reconciliation of multiple identities is at the heart of Sherman Alexie s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Flight Patterns.Ã¢â¬ William Loman is a man struggling with his identity not only as a husband and father, but also as a member of the Spokane Nation, the American Nation, and greater humanity. In the New York Times article Ã¢â¬Å"Without Reservation,Ã¢â¬ Jess Row writes that Sherman Alexie Ã¢â¬Å"peoples his fiction with characters who refuse to disguise or compromise their Indianness,Read MoreProfiling Of Flight Patterns, By Sherman Alexie1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Profiling of Ã¢â¬Å"Flight PatternsÃ¢â¬ Profiling people can cause a brick wall to be built between one another, a wall that cannot be easily knocked down. The bricks come down as the person doing the profiling sees beyond physical appearance. When the wall comes down a transparent window forms with a beautiful view. There is more to a person than their exterior, just like there is more to a room than walls. When profiling someone, people do not see past the brick wall; they build it higher and higherRead MoreProfiling By Sherman Alexie s Flight Patterns1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesProfiling causes people to become engulfed by other people s perceptions of who they are and becomes a conflict between racial heritage and human nature. Through the characters, setting, and tone of Ã¢â¬Å"Flight Patterns,Ã¢â¬ Sherman Alexie shows that profiling can lead to the misinterpretation of who someone is. Alexie shows a vivid picture of William, who is the main character of the story, he is a loving father, husband, and businessman who cares about his appearance; which means he cares about what peopleRead MoreIn-Depth Study and Comparison: Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Flight Pattern and Breaking and Entering864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn-Depth Study and Comparison: Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Flight PatternÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Breaking and EnteringÃ¢â¬ Sherman Alexie is very well known for his takes on Native Americans in modern American society. His books and stories most often are inside thoughts of situations that are occurring or have already occurred. Two of his shorter stories highlight two very different situations but in a sense connect with another. Ã¢â¬Å"Flight PlanÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Breaking and Entering,Ã¢â¬ although confronting Native American characters, revealRead MoreThe Impacts of the Taxi Drivers Story in Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Flight Patterns579 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagesstories were true. If Fekadu wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t describing his own pain and loneliness, then he might have been accidentally describing the pain of a real and lonely manÃ¢â¬ (65). This excerpt was pulled from Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Flight PatternsÃ¢â¬ . Alexie, a Native American, is best known for his novels and short stories. Ã¢â¬Å"Flight PatternsÃ¢â¬ is one of AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s more popular pieces. William, the main character, leads the restless life of an assiduous business man. Although he loves his family dearly, he is unable to spend sufficientRead MoreDo We See The Same Way That We Think?1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI was inside anything. It was really something.Ã¢â¬ The narrator now understands that the blind man does not get the opportunity to ever see anything, so he figures he ought to try it out, overall truly amazing himself. Going further, Flight Patterns by Sherman Alexie brings out the pacing of the story to show the outer views, as well as the inner mind thoughts of humans. To be more specific, William, husband of Marie, and father to Grace is frequently away from home due to his busy job and hard-workingRead MoreThe Theme Of Revenge In Flight By Sherman Alexie1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDo two wrongs ever make a right? Or as Zits, the main character of the novel Flight contemplates, Ã¢â¬Å"Is revenge a circle inside a circle inside a circle?Ã¢â¬ (77). In Flight, written by Sherman Alexie, the main character, a troubled Native American teenager named Zits travels through time and different bodies while learning about revenge, trauma, violence, forgiveness, family, and betrayal. All of these things pertain directly to Zits, and he uses these lessons to understand his life better. A scene inRead MoreThe Native American Spirit Quest Of A Half Indian Foster Child By Sherman Alexie896 Words Ã |Ã 4 P agesSherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s novel Flight explores the Native American spirit quest of a half Indian foster child. Alexie brilliantly invites readers into the mind of a cynical fifteen-year-old who calls himself Zits. Zits uses humor, violence, and shock value to cope with how he has been treated by his absent father and the foster system. ZitsÃ¢â¬â¢ uses his vocabulary as a defense mechanism which reveals how comfortable he feels in various situations. The following paragraphs analyze how ZitsÃ¢â¬â¢ speech patterns provideRead MoreFlight Patterns Essay1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Sherman AlexieÃ¢â¬â¢s Flight Patterns tries to tackle a challenging subject. It probes the underbelly of modern life, sifting through the cloudy American mind thatÃ¢â¬â¢s full of seemingly useless information, in search of whatÃ¢â¬â¢s truly important in life. This happens through the stories two main scenes. The first depicts WilliamÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with his daughter and wife, and conflicts in life. The second engages William in a taxi-cab conversation that shuffles his priorities and forces him to confront his
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Financial Reporting Incentives for Conservative Accounting. Answer: Introduction With the gradual movement of time, there has been a major reliance and compulsion of having a level of transparency as it leads to a greater projection and enhances the goodwill. This not only provides a better environment but also leads to competitive advantage. This has attracted both threat, as well as opportunities because of the vast presence of issues pertaining to environmental, social, etc. hence; this needs the attention of the accountants and demands better practice. Accountancy is concerned with the formulation of rules and policies thereby addressing the issues in a well defined manner thereby curtailing the risk to a considerable extent. The performance of environment is in tune with the natural capital that can be termed as the natures resources and the method undertaken by the management to deliver the goods, as well as services. On the contrary, the social performance highlights the effect of the organization on human and social capital while human capital deals with the efficiency, skills and motivation. Sustainable development Sustainable development is defined as the development that satisfies the needs of present without compromising the needs of the future generations. It is also said that sustainable development is the rational management of human, natural and economic resources that aims to satisfy the essential needs which are required by everyone in the long run (Slaper Hall, 2011). It is an act of management that uses the resources in a manner so that the future generation are not devoid of the benefits. It aims at creating a balance between present and future economic development by ensuring conservation of natural resources and environmental pollution. It requires integrating the economic and environmental goals (KMPG, 2016). However, the focus of sustainable development is not only to protect the environment but also to create a strong and just society. There are certain sustainable development goal which are to take an action and end poverty, protect the planet and ensures that all people enjo y peace and prosperity. This sustainable development is also known as global goals. Sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three parts: environment sustainability, economic sustainability and socio-political sustainability. There are certain principles which need to be followed to achieve the global goals (Oates, 2009). Some of the principles are-The principle of social responsibility- In the long run, unsustainable patterns of production and consumption must be changed to improve the standard of living (ACCA, 2009). The polluter pay principle- It means that the party responsible for causing pollution is made liable to pay for the damages caused to the environment. This principle is also known as Extended Polluter Responsibility. The principle of utilising local resources-Efforts should be made to supply the needs of communities on a local level from local resources. Utilisation of manmade resources and cultural heritage are also very important tasks (Eccles Krzus, 2010). The principle of public participation- Peoples knowledge about sustainable development, its social and economic implications and about sustainable solution should be enhanced and clarified. Role of Accounting in sustainable development Accounting directly and indirectly contributes towards the sustainable development. It is like a sub category of financial accounting which discloses the non financial information about the firm. It gives an account of the social responsibilities carried out to encourage sustainable development. It is a tool used by an organisation to become more sustainable (Ibrahim et. al, 2013). The inclusions of environmental considerations as a part of corporate strategy improve corporate performance. It helps in creating awareness of how they can help an organisation address issues of sustainability and more fully incorporate their issues in business strategy. Accounting for sustainability involves linking sustainability initiatives to company strategy, evaluating risks and opportunities, and providing measurement, accounting and performance management skills to ensure that the sustainability is embedded into the day to day operations of the company (Ibrahim et. al, 2013). There are certain performances that are assessed with financial measures include personal income and expenditure, employment, taxes and business climate factors. Establishing a healthy business and cash flow is an important aspect of the business. The main reason why business exists is to satisfy the needs of people. To achieve this, the company need to invest a lot of resources for formulating strategies that can enhance customer satisfaction. The company also has to divert significant amount of resources in promotional activities so that they can ascertain that their clients are well advised concerning their products. Wage and benefits are primary motivating factors for employees in most of the companies. There is a comparison between other benefits such as pension and health that are given to employees. Training is very essential in sharpening the skills of the employees and also motivating them. This component pre determines the programs that are necessary for fostering the participation of employees in taking decisions. The ratio for the budget of training to that of annual operating costs needs to be included only when the training has been carried out. The aspect of employment usually focuses on the financial aspects of jobs being offered with the aim of making sure that the companys resources are not mismanaged and are used in an effective manner. It entails assessing the total workforce in terms of the employment type, the number and rate of employment as well as the region. The measure must include any benefits provided to full time employees which temporary worker does not receive. Social measures are made in reference to the community or a particular area. This variable covers employment rate, median household income, relative poverty, life expectancy as well as the rate of crime. When the company demonstrates its contribution social responsibility then it can increase its profitability. Social initiatives can be taken by staff, community or the suppliers (Integrated reporting, 2016). The key benefits of following the social measures includes the long term profitability, improved retention of staffs, building strong image of the company as well as gaining customers loyalty and confidence. Such variable measure the natural resources and can reflect the potential influence in terms of its effectiveness. Internal factors may include the energy consumed per employee or consumer, spills, penalties and fines. The external factors may cover aspects such as quality of air, water, solid and toxic waste, natural resources, energy consumption as well as use of land (Integrated reporting, 2016). There are certain specific measures that are taken into account when making an assessment of the environment component and these include solid waste management, hazardous waste management, electricity consumption and alterations in the usage of land. There is a comparative analysis done of the cost of different sources of energy and its effectiveness. The use of energy directly affects the environment and its affects are extended to the global level. The use of non renewable resource should be minimised to safe the future generations from deprivations of such resources. Integrated Reporting in Australia The scandals in the corporate arena has highlighted that the ESG management that is the environment, social and governance matter of a company influences the performance that is in tune with the finance and this leads to a strong influence over the value of the shareholder. Thereby, integrated reporting goes beyond the traditional time span and inter links both financial, as well as non-financial data so that proper information can be provided to the stakeholders that deals with the performance of the organization. The IIRC has strongly provided an integrated framework that helps in proper communication that helps the stakeholders. When it comes to the point of view of Australia, firms of internal advisory such as Deloitte, PwC has provided their consent to the matter of integrated reporting after proper identification of the utility of information of non-financial nature (Carol et. al, 2016). It is of the view that when an organization is integrated in nature, it leads to a policy, as well as vision that heads in a proper direction and helps in disclosing information that pertains to financial, as well as non-financial. Innumerable companies have opined that the concept of integrated reporting is of great use because it has a dual nature as it signifies the deficiency present in the present framework and even projects how the management of financial can and non-financial information can be done (Barbu et. al, 2014). When it comes to Australia, there are regulations prescribed by ASX and the companies need to adhere to it. But, when it comes to the prospect and benefits of integrated reporting, there is huge requirement for disclosing the information. This is due to the fact that the plan of integrated reporting helps in covering a major chunk of the company in terms of parameters and information thereby overtaking other financial details. Moreover, taking into view point the current market scenario of Australia, it can be commented that the there are various s takeholders group like investors, agencies, etc. that require valuable information and it helps in the evaluation of the company. Hence, for such group it is imperative that the awareness should be increased and advocated so that the importance of other factors can be known (Barbu et. al, 2014). Hence, in such a situation, integrated reporting can be of great use that helps in providing valuable information in terms of challenges and opportunities. Importance of Integrated Reporting Reporting in Australia has tend to be investor friendly that helps in value creation together with the concept of high governance and sustainability. It leads to a better show inn terms of leadership and generation of values. Moreover, as per ICAA, the IR concept even facilitates the emergence of teams of finance and CFO. The participants were not present in initiative that was done on a voluntary basis. Further, there is no reporting structure that will accommodate the concept of Global reporting Initiative (GRI), World Resources Institute, etc (Druckman, 2016). Hence, amidst the entire scenario, it can be said that the present, as well a future performances can be achieved when IR concept is put into implementation. IR is relevant in every respect because it leads to enhanced level of performance. In reality, creativity, as well as learning leads to enhanced level of performance (Bushman Piotroski, 2006). It prepares the organization with a strong model that is ready to adapt to a ny situation and hence, benefits the long term perspective of the company. IR projects the developments that happens in the recent times and report the actions that are undertaken by the company such as traditional report, CSR, sustainable development, environmental report, etc (Melville, 2013). Conclusion The report sheds light on the concept of sustainability and integrated reporting. Both the concept are of paramount importance because it is directly in tune with the future prospect of the company. All these are characterized by different dimensions that affect performance and these include financial, social and environmental. The performance measures under the environmental dimensions are greenhouse gases, waste, energy as well as water while performance measure for social dimensions includes managing the supply chains and social initiatives involving the community (Spiceland et. al, 2011). Finally, the dimension of economics and finance is concerned with performance measures such as customer satisfaction, employment, employee training, wage benefits. The company may face any kind of challenges which may be related to any of the category but it should carry out its operations intelligently. Therefore, both the concept IR and sustainability holds a special importance and it is the d uty of the company to have a strong hold over these concepts so as to have a strong reporting. References ACCA 2009, Key Issues in Sustainability Assurance, Research report 115, The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants. Barbu, EM, Dumontier, P, Feleaga, N, Feleaga, L 2014, 'A Proposal of an International Environmental Reporting Grid: What Interest for Policymakers, Regulatory Bodies, Companies, and Researchers?', The International Journal of Accounting, vol. 49, no. 2, p. 253. Bushman, R. Piotroski, R 2006, Financial reporting incentives for conservative accounting: The influence of legal and political institutions, Journal of Accounting and Economics, vol. 42, pp. 107-148. Carol, A.A, Brad, P, Prakash J. S, Jodi Y 2016, Exploring the implications of integrated reporting for social investment (disclosures), The British Accounting Review, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 286-296 Druckman, P 2013, Integrate reporting framework aims to promote lasting sustainable change, viewed 24 October 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/blog/integrated-reporting-framework-sustainable-change Eccles, R.G. Krzus, M. 2010, One Report: Integrated Reporting for a Sustainable Strategy, Wiley, New Jersey, USA. Ibrahim M, S Osama F Attayah, P 2013, Critical Factors Influencing Voluntary Disclosure: The Palestine Exchange PEX, Global Journal of Management and Business Research Finance, vol. 13 no. 6, pp. 9-15 Integrated reporting (IR) 2016, What? The tool for better reporting, viewed 28 November 2016, https://integratedreporting.org/what-the-tool-for-better-reporting/ KMPG 2016, Performance insight through Better Business Reporting, viewed 28 November 2016, https://www.kpmg.com/Global/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Documents/road-to-integrated-reporting.pdf Melville, A 2013, International Financial Reporting A Practical Guide, 4th edition, Pearson, Education Limited, UK Oates, T. 2009, Jigsaw must be complete, Sustainable Business, Sydney. Slaper, T. F., Hall, T. J. 2011, The Triple Bottom Line: What Is It and How Does It Work? Indiana Business Review. vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 6-10. Spiceland, J., Thomas, W. Herrmann, D 2011, Financial accounting, New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin,University Press.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Reflection #1: Every teacher should be able to use modeling to keep their students engage d , focus ed , and involved in classroom activities . W hen it comes to ELL students , teacher s have a bigger challenge. EL L students are very visual and they have a more complicated challenge. It is true that modeling help s to promote learnin g and motivation, but I believe that that is not all about the teacher doing and the students listening and watching. ELL students' should be able to engage in modeling by using cognitive skil ls, visual skills, and communication skills to comprehend the lesson. As a native Spanish speaker , it is so important for teachers to understand that bilingual students have double the work. They have to think in their native language first, then mentally translate to be able to participate and understand the lesson. Teachers that have ELL students should keep in mind that speech is very important. Being able to be patient and talk slow ly and clear ly will help the s e students to be successful. For me it comes easier because I understand how it feel s to be an ELL student. I have had the experience of being in the classroom and having to ask the teacher to slow down so I can make a quick mental translation to be able to comprehend the lesson. ELL students are visual learners. When you present a visual gu ide to ELL students, it is easier for them to interpret the lesson plan and follow directions. They feel more secure and comfortable to be able to follow a task and learn from it. Most ELL students are embarrassed to tell the tea cher that they didn't understand the lesson because they don't want native English speakers to make fun of them. I t i s very important for teachers to let every students know that they all going through a learning experience, that way ELL students would feel comfortable to ask questions. As a future teacher I will encourage ELL students to feel comfortable reading books of their own native language and then check to see if there is an English version of the same book. Reading books in the native language will help them compare and contrast with the English language. ELL students would be able to expand their language, knowledge, and understand better new words and phrases. Also I believe this is a good cultural learning experience for everyone. Reflection #2 Breaking down barriers between culture s is important because it helps students see each other as equal s . A teacher's pedagogy should m ake students' feel value d , respected, and accommodated . I t i s important for the teacher to be a positive influence at all times. We don't know what these kids are going through at home . Sometimes the school is the only they place where they f eel safe and respected. A good teacher know s that if you have a good and safe environment for the students they will be successful. I know the salary of a teacher is not as high as other professions, but when you have teachers that take extra time and spend their own money to do things like decorating the classroom the students appreciate that and they feel more comfortable. Some kids don't have a clean space to study at home and coming to a nice looking classroom make s them feel safe and relax ed . Even the c olors and the lighting of a classroom help the students to concentrate better and they do better on homework and tests. Students also feel appreciated when teachers value their effort. For example I keep all my students drawings and pictures because I want them to know that I appreciate their art, creativity , and effort. Another way to value our students is through music. Music is a big part of their lives. It i s so beautiful when teacher share s their music. It awakens the ir curiosity, creativity, and background knowledge. When we play music in Spanish class some kids will sing along with the words , some will
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Assignment Instructions Unit: 9 Instructions: This weeks assignment consists of watching a scenario about Sandwich Blitz, Inc. and answering questions regarding the use of new technology as a means of improving communication between employees and customers. Sandwich Blitz, Inc. has a great problem an increase in the number of customers! Employees have been consistently reporting that they are overwhelmed by the volume of customers and management has noticed that the number of reported errors in customer orders has increased. Dalman and Lei have decided to adopt an e-customer order system that will allow customers to input their own orders. This would address the issue of employees being overwhelmed by the increased pace of the workplace. Dalman and Lei will first communicate their decision to the managers who report to them in an e-mail communication. They are aware of how important it is to exhibit professionalism and business etiquette in constructing an e-mail message to the managers. We will write a custom essay sample on Unit Typography or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It is important for Dalman and Lei to gain the support of the managers since they will have key roles in leading this change at the store level. Referring to KotterÃ¢â¬â¢s Eight Steps to Leading Change from the text, describe what management must do to lead this change in technology to automated customer service by creating an e-mail message (type it in a Word document) from Dalman and Lei to Sandwich BlitzÃ¢â¬â¢s middle management, addressing how they intend to implement each of the steps in the change process. Be sure to construct your message in a clear and professional manner. The goal of this communication is to inform the managers of what is required to lead this change and to gain their support in its implementation at the store level. Student Checklist: 1. Clearly identify the problem that Dalman and Lei are faced with 2. In a Word document, compose an e-mail message from Dalman and Lei to Sandwich BlitzÃ¢â¬â¢s middle management, explaining the steps necessary to manage this new technology change. Copyright Kaplan University Assignment Instructions Unit: 9 Submit Assignment to the Dropbox Draft your Assignment paper at least one full double-spaced page in length, using size 12 Times New Roman type font in MS Word format. Be sure your paper is well written in paragraph form, with correct spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Be sure to name your file according to the Kaplan filenaming convention. For additional help submitting to the Dropbox, please see the Dropbox Guide under Academic Tools. Grading Rubric Unit 9 Grading Rubric 50% Possible Points 22. 5 Analysis and Critical Thinking: Responses demonstrated critical thinking and analysis and exhibited application of information. 30% 13. 5 Spelling, Grammar, Format: Clear business writing. Spelling and grammar are acceptable. Formatting follows instructions. Total 20% 9 100% 45 Content, Focus, Use of Text and Research: ? Clearly identified the problem that Dalman and Lei are faced with in the scenario ? Percentage Specifically identified and addressed each of the 8 steps necessary to manage this change. Copyright Kaplan University